The 2018 midterm elections are already underway, so I’d thought I’d keep a record of what has happened so far. I’d been thinking about doing something like this before, but my schedule was out of whack and I already passed up a chance to do something similar for 2016. Anyhoo, let’s take a look at the midterms from state to state and see how things are shaping up.
Note:I will need some time to catch up, but there have only been primaries in 10 states held so far. This post will be updated.
Now, while I might disagree with this probe’s focus, it has turned up some interesting events I could not ignore or refrain from sharing. Also, there have been some recent developments in regards to how this entire probe and suspicions are being reported.
That said, let’s discuss what this probe is about and how I plan to cover it.
Don’t let your mouth write a check your behind can’t cash.
When I first heard this saying, I was a kid and it was the uncensored version. I can’t quite remember if I first heard it on television if someone told me this directly, or my mother told me of the phrase, but I found it kind of funny because of the mental picture it created.
As they like to say in sports, Father Time is undefeated.
Like I did for Mother’s Day, I decided to go with a phrase
that has “Father” in it for Father’s Day, although it might not be directly
related to the holiday.
Who Is Father Time?
Father Time is the personification of time itself. In general,
Father Time is depicted as a bearded old man. He is usually shown in a white
robe and carrying a scythe and/or hourglass or other instrument that keeps time
Father Time may be considered the husband of Mother Earth,
so these two allegories are related.
In some people’s minds, Father time also serves as another version
of the Grim Reaper, albeit much friendlier (Urban Dictionary). Like the Reaper
represents the inevitability of death, Father Time represents that, too, but
alludes more to the inevitability of aging, which usually precedes death.
In many cartoons, Father Time is often shown next to or
holding Baby New Year to represent the yearly passage of time.
How Did Father Time Come to Be?
The origin of this allegory isn’t quite clear, although
Merriam-Webster cites 1559 as the year that “Father Time” was first used in the
way I used it above. Other sources connect Father Time with Chronos, the Greek
god of time (“Chronos”). Some people, including the Greeks, have confused Chronos
with Cronus, the youngest of the 12 original Titans, and thus confuse Cronos
with Father Time (“Cronus”).
Who First Said, ‘Father Time Remains Undefeated’?
This is a term I first heard from sports analysts, so it is
no surprise that the earliest known usage of the term came from a sports analyst
and former NFL wide receiver. During a September 2005 edition of ESPN’s Sunday
NFL Countdown, Michael Irvin, and former WR for the Dallas Cowboys, said, “Father
Time remains undefeated” when referring to then-Green Packers quarterback Brett
Favre (Popik). Here’s the quote, taken from a Google Group:
[Steve] Young said Favre’s passing skills had not diminished, but his “Sunday NFL Countdown” colleague Michael Irvin thinks time has caught up with the Packers’ quarterback.
“Father Time is undefeated,” Irvin said. “A lot of these tight spots, I have watched him squeeze the ball in there a lot of times. He no longer has that arm to squeeze the ball in.”
Favre would play in the league until 2009.
Happy Father’s Day!
Although this post is a bit late, I hope you enjoyed your Father’s
Day, whether you are a father, or you spent some quality time with yours. As a
treat, I thought I’d include a clip from Charlotte’s Web, the animated adaptation
of E.B. White’s book:
You have the right to remain silent. Anything you say can and will be used against you in a court of law …
Thursday, June 13, 2019 will mark the 53rd
anniversary of a landmark decision by the United States Supreme Court. The
decision in question gave rise to the use of the words above, and much more.
What was the case about? It was about the rights of suspects
in police custody, but the related rules, laws, and principles are quite complicated.
What Are These Rights Called?
The rights in question are called Miranda Rights and the
rights are read in what is called the Miranda Warning. These rights are supposed
to be read to a person while they are being placed under arrest. The rights are
meant to protect a suspect’s Fifth Amendment rights that protect them from
Police who read Miranda Warnings are required to tell
suspects in custody the following four things before interrogating them:
The suspect has the right to remain silent.
Anything the suspect says can and will be used
against them in a court of law.
The suspect has a right to an attorney.
If the suspect cannot afford an attorney, one
will be appointed for them.
The officer must then make sure that the suspect understands
the rights that have been read to them and the officer may ask if the suspect
wishes to waive those rights. The suspect must have a clear and definitive answer
when the arresting officer asks if the suspect understands their Miranda
Rights. Silence does not indicate that the suspect has waived his rights and
the warning should be translated to different languages if the suspect doesn’t
understand English. Translated warnings are generally recorded.
The Miranda Warning generally goes like this:
You have the right to remain silent. Anything you say can and will be used against you in a court of law. You have a right to an attorney. If you cannot afford an attorney, one will be appointed for you. Do you understand these rights I have just read to you (or as I have read them to you)? With these rights in mind, do you wish to speak to me?
The wording of these rights may differ from state to state. Also,
in states like Indiana, New Jersey, Nevada, Oklahoma, and Alaska, police departments
add the following sentence to their Miranda Warnings: “We have no way of giving
you a lawyer, but one will be appointed for you, if you wish, if and when you
go to court” (“What Are”).
Why Are Police Required to Say, ‘You Have the Right to Remain Silent …’?
It’s important that police officers do this because, in many
cases, testimony and any physical evidence the police find because of this
testimony can be deemed inadmissible in court (“What Happens”).
Police departments developed Miranda Warnings as a result of
the Miranda v. Arizona case, which was argued in front of the Supreme Court on
February 28, March 1, and March 2, 1966 and decided on June 13, 1966. The case
was brought to the Court after Ernesto Miranda was convicted of robbing, kidnapping,
and raping an 18-year old in March 1963. Miranda was questioned by police for two-and-a-half
hours after the victim failed to identify her attacker in a lineup that Miranda
was in. He even signed a statement that said that he understood his rights.
Miranda was initially sentenced to 20-30 years in prison and
the Arizona Supreme Court uphold that conviction. The American Civil Liberties
Union took up his case after it was established that Miranda’s confession had
been coerced; he had not been made aware of his rights.
In his majority opinion, Chief Justice Warren outlined the
rights and procedures police officers should read/use when arresting the suspects
that they wanted to interrogate.
The Supreme Court’s 5-4 decision in the Miranda v.
Arizona case didn’t just affect the case against Ernesto Miranda in Arizona,
but three other cases: Vignera v. New York, Westover v. United States,
and California v. Stewart. In each case, the suspects were questioned by
law enforcement without being made aware of their Fifth Amendment rights. (Only
California v. Stewart was overturned before it reached the Supreme
Court, which affirmed the decision made by the Supreme Court of California (“Facts
and Case Summary”).
When Are Police Supposed to Read Suspects Their Miranda Rights?
There are two conditions that must be met for police to
The person must be in police custody, i.e. under
The police are attempting to interrogate the arrestee.
Police officers can question anyone at any time, but if they
don’t mirandize the people they’re questioning, the officers should inform the
people that they are free to go at any time.
How Can Suspects Exercise These Rights?
There are generally four things an arrestee can do to exercise
their rights immediately:
The arrestee can remain silent before going to
court and obtaining an attorney.
The suspect can invoke the right to remain
silent at any time before or during an interrogation. This can halt an interrogation.
The suspect can request for an attorney, which
can halt an interrogation.
If the suspect has been read their rights and
waives them, they could later “plead the Fifth” and halt an interrogation.
However, there are some exceptions here. One is if the
suspect cooperated with the police before being arrested. This was established
by the Raffel vs. U.S. Supreme Court Case, which largely undermines Miranda
Rights. While many suspects have the right to remain silent after being arrested,
anyone who cooperates with the police before being arrested essentially waives
those rights and must continue cooperating with the police (“Right to Remain
What Happened to Ernesto Miranda?
After the Supreme Court’s decision was made, Miranda was
retried in an Arizona court, but without his confession. Although there was
little evidence against Miranda, prosecutors used testimony from his ex-girlfriend,
Twila Hoffman, who said that Miranda had confessed to his crimes to her while
he was in prison. Miranda was convicted in October 1967 and sentenced to 20-30
years in prison (History.com).
Miranda was later paroled in December 1975. He died in
January 1976 after being stabbed in a bar bathroom following a poker game. His
attacker was never charged (“The Miranda rights”).
What I’d tell you
before? Never let them see you sweat. That way, you’ll never be embarrassed
As a little treat, I thought I’d include a special Famous
Sayings post this week. This slogan goes back a few decades and it was part of
a famous ad campaign. In fact, June 7, 2019 marks the 35th
anniversary of that campaign.
Well, you’ve been caught cheating on your test. I guess it’s time to face the music.
My apologies for not making another post before this week (or posting this on Sunday), but this should be a fun idiom to look at. I might have first heard this phrase on an old Nickelodeon show (Hey Dude for those who might remember it), but I have always understood its meaning. (It’s just that I never had to define it until now).
An instance of stolen
valor might be punishable if someone profits from it.
This weekend, I’m going to try to get two of these posts done in order to do some catching up. Since Memorial Day is around the corner, this post is dedicated to a term associated with the U.S. military — and frauds.
It’s still Mother’s Day where I am, so I chose a famous term that has something to do with life: Mother Nature.
Why Do People Refer to ‘Mother Nature’?
Generally speaking, when people refer to Mother Nature, they are alluding to the personification of the Earth or nature itself, especially as it pertains to ecosystems. This has an overall positive connotation because the Earth, and nature by extension, are seen as life-giving and spiritual entities. To be one with nature means to attain the greatest spiritual and physical connection with the Earth and to attain health.
In the United States, the term Mother Nature is often used to describe the weather and catastrophic events like hurricanes, if not the force of nature that controls all living things, especially human beings. There is a decidedly negative connotation here, even in the latter sense.
For example, Mother Nature has been seen as an adversary in Tampax commercials, given how women generally feel about menstruation.
In 1977, Chiffon produced a commercial in which Mother Nature was portrayed as wrathful and capricious — particularly at the thought of not being able to tell the difference between margarine and butter.
When you told assigned Brandon to this team, I didn’t know what to expect, but he was all that you said he was and more. I’ve never been on a more productive team and it’s all thanks to Brandon’s input. He really is a good egg.
Johnny, the school yard bully, is a bad egg.
Since April 21, 2019 is Easter Sunday, I figured I would
look at a term that dealt with a theme of this holy day: eggs. Based on the
title, this looks like a two-fer, but it’s really a three-for-one. There’s
another type of “egg” that I’ll mention in the post, but it’s not a common
phrase in the United States.
I heard it through the grapevine Not much longer will you be mine Hey, I heard it through the grapevine And I’m just about to lose my mind …
A year ago, I received an email from Quartz Obsession that
looked at the phrase “I heard it through the grapevine,” which, as you know, is
a title of a song sang by Marvin Gaye and many other artists. Since this is a
very famous phrase, I immediately saw it as a future Famous Sayings post.
However, I didn’t know how much I add to the research already done by the
writers and researchers at Quartz. As it turns out, there was a lot more
research to be done since the Quartz Obsession post (which can be read online)
mainly looked at the history behind the song.